May 29th, 2015

Adventures in Genre-land

David Teague and Marisa de los Santos

24331400Before we partnered to co-author “Saving Lucas Biggs” and the forthcoming “Connect The Stars,” we worked in far-flung parts of the literary universe. Marisa began as a poet, with the volume “From the Bones Out,” and eventually moved into literary fiction with such novels as “Love Walked In” and “The Precious One.” David initially attempted adult novels, found publishing success only after migrating to picture books, and then continued roaming until he found himself working with Marisa in the realm of middle-grade fiction.

Our writer friends sometimes ask if all this genre-crossing ever got difficult or confusing, which is an excellent question, because in the literary world, the concept of niche looms large in the eyes of agents, publishers, reviewers, and readers, and there’s a reason bookstores have all those sections. So it’s important to know where your book fits.

As it turns out though, in looking back at our writing process, we cannot remember ever saying the words “middle-grade” to each other while we were composing, and we never consciously asked “Is this vocabulary/sentence structure/point of view/narrative voice/plot development too difficult/too simple for our genre?” These questions didn’t come up at our initial lunch meeting, during which we traded stories we wanted to tell until we found two we could weave together, they didn’t come up when each of us created the narrator who would relate our half of the plot, and they didn’t come up when we imagined the conflicts our characters would face or the language they would use. When we wrote our middle-grades books, all we had to go on was the sound of our narrator’s voices: a thirteen-year-old boy named Josh and a thirteen-year-old girl named Margaret.

And so neither of us, as we wrote, worried about avoiding overly complex vocabulary, excessively complicated moral questions, or even disproportionate violence on a scene-by-scene, sentence-by-sentence, or word-by-word basis. We found it more helpful simply to listen to our thirteen-year-olds talk and to write down what they said.

This strategy enabled us to do a few things, we think.

One, our approach allowed us to use a tool most writers are innately familiar with, point-of-view, to negotiate terrain that is somewhat more unfamiliar: commercial publishing genres. In essence, we solved the problem of figuring out what it’s appropriate to say to sophisticated pre-adolescents by creating a couple and then letting them talk.

Two, our approach enabled us to capture material in our genre that stretched our writing abilities, and perhaps stretched the genre a bit, too. Bad things happen to our narrators. Margaret’s father is sentenced to death by a crooked judge for a crime he didn’t commit. Josh’s community is attacked by machine-gunners during a miner’s strike. The task of figuring out how to write these situations one appropriate word, one suitable impression, one acceptable reaction at a time would have been beyond us. But the fact is, some thirteen-year-olds do face huge injustices and awful violence, and they survive, and often thrive. So once we were able to place these challenges within the perspectives of such children, we were able to integrate them into the plot of our middle-grade book.

Three, our point-of-view-driven approach enabled us to relax. There is enough to fret about while writing fiction without also having to agonize over whether or not “equilibrium” is an appropriate vocabulary word for a thirteen-year-old. (Hint: it is. Read chapter three of “Saving Lucas Biggs” to find out why).

These observations might not be totally helpful for writers whose characters are vastly different in age or experience from their audiences. In other words, it might be more trouble than it’s worth to spend your time trying to imagine how to write a picture-book biography of Emily Dickinson in the voice of a six-year-old. But what we’ve found is this: it’s not hard to remember what it was like to be six, or thirteen, or nineteen, and rather than to consciously parse words, sentences, and scenes to decide whether they fit in the genre at hand, it’s more organic, natural, and enjoyable to inhabit the story and let the “rules” take care of themselves.

All of which raises a question we’re curious about.  By focusing on the narrators of our stories, we were able to devote more thought to storytelling than to genre constraints, but doing so also directed our attention away from the question of audience more than a bit.  How do other writers feel about this trade-off?

About David and Marisa
santoteague author photo colorMarisa de los Santos has published three New York Times bestselling novels for adults, Love Walked In, Belong to Me, and Falling Together. Her fourth book, The Precious One, comes out in March. David Teague is the author of the picture book Franklin’s Big Dreams and the forthcoming The Red Hat. The middle-grades novel  Saving Lucas Biggs is their first joint venture, and their second collaboration, Connect the Stars, will appear in September 2015.  Married for over twenty years, Marisa and David live with their two children, Charles and Annabel, in Wilmington, Delaware.

You can find them online at: and

13 comments to Adventures in Genre-land

  • Great post. I’ve never believed that authors should be ‘genre-driven,’ or even plot-driven. To me, a novel (and the author) that is character-driven is the most real, and the best kind of writing. So yes, I agree that focusing on your narrators, not the genre, is most important. Nice meeting you here – I used to live in Wilmington DE and visit it often to see my mom – beautiful country.

  • Hi David and Marisa … a very thoughtful and thorough post and one that gets to the crux of the problem many have with genre in general … not just age appropriate. Stories beckon us and whether reluctantly or unwittingly … we follow. The bones of every story are the characters and as we flesh it out, I think we can get distracted or side-tracked if we worry about all else above.

    The industry might be genre driven but as writers we need to trust our instincts and let the characters tell us who they are … the book will find its audience.

    Great cover and I love the description of the story. Much success 🙂

  • What a great way to look at it! I would never try writing anything younger than NA, because I don’t remember what is age appropriate for them to say – I don’t have any kids around, and that time was WAY in the rear view mirror for me!

    But I agree that this is the best, most organic way to get to that voice.

    Genre, I think, gets a bad name, because of the tight leash that editors and agents put on it. But what it boils down to is – reader discoverability.

    If you write a mystery, horror, suspense, inspirational romance, how will a reader who likes any or most of those, find your book?

    I think that’s a more grass-roots way to look at genre – and maybe one that won’t grate on our nerves so much.

  • So much fun! I love the organic way you’ve found to work together to find these voices.

  • strateagueo

    Thanks All! As I read these thoughtful comments, it occurred to me that certain authors seem to have gotten lucky on this point–their voices and plots appear naturally to fall into recognized genres. On the other hand, perhaps it’s also possible to make your own luck, by hearing a voice clearly, and respecting it, and engaging it with curiosity and enthusiasm.

  • Orly Konig-Lopez

    I love how you guys approached this! My favorite part of this post – “it’s more organic, natural, and enjoyable to inhabit the story and let the “rules” take care of themselves.” So true.

  • Holly Robinson

    Marisa and David, as someone who has been a fan of yours for years, and as a novelist with five books published who just had a synopsis turned down because it had too many thriller elements for the publisher to consider it women’s fiction (as in, I had a cult, a kidnapping, and a man charged with a murder he didn’t commit), I found this post very refreshing. Keep pushing those genre boundaries, people! Yes, of course we all want to have our books accepted and read, and we all want to gain new readers, but does that mean we have to keep writing the same kind of book, over and over? I sure hope not.

  • Yes! Great post.

    Write outside the box. It’s where all the fun is. 🙂

    Dee Willson
    Author of A Keeper’s Truth and GOT

  • strateagueo

    Having said all this . . . I nonetheless hasten to add that genre boundaries can make life more interesting. Writing picture books made me much more aware of how the elements of my novels will LOOK to readers . . . and Marisa’s experience as a poet, as anyone who has read her novels will attest, has attuned her to the SOUNDS of words. I almost wonder if the fun of genre comes in crossing its boundaries, arbitrary though they may be sometimes, because the crossing can be challenging, and it improves one’s navigational skills.

    • Orly Konig-Lopez

      I agree, David. Working on picture books always helps sharpen my women’s fiction.

  • Thank you for an interesting post, which made me wonder whether I considered the genre as I was writing. I don’t think about genre while I’m writing but I do think about my audience. I’m not sure which comes first, the story or the audience.

  • I have so many windows open on my computer right now, three of them from WITS, it isn’t even funny. Just wanted to say how much I enjoyed this post and the POV work-around it presents, David and Marisa. A mystery author friend, Nancy Martin, knows her audience intimately. I think she calls her Janet. She can recognize her when she walks in the door at a book event and knows what she will wear, about what she makes, and how much schooling she’s had. But incorrectly, I think the audience who reads “middle grade novels,” even though the audience is presumable identified in the genre title, is more diverse and a tad harder to peg. One need only point to the number of adults who read the Harry Potter series to support that! Much success to you with this new title!