May 26th, 2021

4 Ways Movement Effects Deep POV

By Lisa Hall-Wilson

Ever had an editor or beta reader flag the moving or disembodied body parts in your fiction?

Eyes roaming/flying/darting…
Fingers flying…
Hand creeping…
Feet following…
Arms folding…
Heart pounding/racing…

Now, I get it. It feels like editors are just splitting hairs and camping out on semantics because the reader will understand what you meant. Let’s look at 4 reasons why we want to avoid these autonomous body parts in fiction – and because I’m always about deep POV geekery, we’ll look at this topic from that angle.

First, let’s keep in mind that you won’t be sitting next to the reader as they’re turning pages and stumbling over phrases. You won’t be there to explain things, or shrug, “You know what I meant.” If you’re justifying these phrases by saying "they’ll figure it out," you’re not doing your job. Your job is to articulate how the character feels and (in deep POV) create an immersive emotional experience for the reader.

The Power Of Specificity And Particularity…

Specificity and particularities enable you – the writer – to really focus on the emotions (the WHY) behind the character’s thoughts and actions. Often, in my experience, these phrases are used as a way to skim over the emotions in a scene instead of going deeper.

(Female is POV Character)

His eyes roamed over her body and she folded her arms over her chest.

His gaze started at her feet and worked its way up her body, pausing over each imperfection as if gauging whether he could overlook what she couldn’t change or conceal.

By being particular and specific, there’s more emotion conveyed. The first version the POV character could be coy, embarrassed, shy or feel vulnerable, the WHY behind her action is unclear. The second version (I hope – because this was just off the top of my head), conveys a sense of violation, of judgment, and even a hint of shame. The reader knows what her insecurities are without having to be told.

The Character Becomes Passive

When the body parts are doing all the moving, what often happens is the character becomes passive. Writers can rely too heavily on these expressions and the reader is left trying to discern how these body parts all became autonomous. Reminds me of Thing from The Addams Family. *body shiver*

Make sure the character has agency, not their body parts. If deep POV is your goal, remember to avoid drawing conclusions for the reader with the author/narrator voice. Often, these expressions are “telling” instead of showing.

Show Don’t Tell

Don’t roll your eyes at this advice, it’s valuable. (See what I did there? *grin*) In deep POV, the goal is to remove the author/narrator voice. These phrases aren’t the POV character observing/describing this about themselves, it’s the observation of an outside entity filtering what they see and stepping into the story to share that with the reader.

By drawing conclusions for the reader, the emotions and the WHY are garbled.

Steve’s fingers flew across the keyboard.

What emotion is being conveyed there? Could be nervous, anxious, hurried/rushed, concentrating, angry… We don’t know. To the writer, their intent is obvious. Steve is <insert emotion>. But in reality, the emotion (the WHY behind the quick typing) is unclear.

Steve tapped out the email, checking his watch every two minutes, before hitting send and heading for the door.

Steve banged on each key, typing as fast as he could think, each stroke more pronounced and sharper than the last.

There’s lots of things you could do with that, but the rewrites (hopefully) convey more emotion through subtext and connotation than “his fingers flew.” The emotion that’s powering the action (the quick typing) is much clearer.

Metaphorical Use vs Literal Use

Janice Hardy makes a really great point on her blog that you likely don’t want to eliminate every moving body part. She writes:

“My heart reached farther than my hands ever could.

“I think the difference between this sentence and say, "My eyes darted over the fruit stand," is the intention of the sentence. If you're trying to be metaphorical, or lyrical, or poetic, then a disembodied body part can work. It's clear you don't mean it literally.” (source here)

Deep POV still makes room for metaphor and poetic language, if it suits the character you’re writing. Remember, in deep POV, you are not telling the story, the character is living out the story and the reader is a fly on the wall inside their heads. That’s why the specificity and particularity is so important in conveying the character’s emotions and the WHY behind their thoughts and decisions.

If your POV character is observing another character, for instance, it may be appropriate for them to describe what they see as “fingers flying across the keyboard” but when describing their own actions, you’re better to show and not tell.

How would your character describing an elevated heart rate? Would they feel their heart is pounding? Is it trying to escape their chest? Does it beat against their ribs like a wrongly convicted man? Maybe they check their smart watch and note their heartrate is up over 100. It’s more about how your character would observe and absorb the information they take in, than about you being poetic in deep POV.

Do you find yourself writing disembodied body parts? Do you think there’s a place for them in deep POV?

* * * * * *

About Lisa

Lisa Hall-Wilson is a writing teacher and award-winning writer and author. She’s the author of Method Acting For Writers: Learn Deep Point Of View Using Emotional Layers. Her blog Beyond Basics For Writers explores all facets of the popular writing style deep point of view and offers practical tips for writers. 

She runs the free Facebook group Going Deeper With Emotions where she shares tips and videos on writing in deep point of view. 

Top Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

17 responses to “4 Ways Movement Effects Deep POV”

  1. Jenny Hansen says:

    I love your Deep POV posts, Lisa! Thanks so much for sharing them with us. 🙂

  2. barbaralinnprobst says:

    This is a topic I wrestle with! I do think, used sparingly and properly, it can be very effective. For example, in my newest book where the POV character is a pianist. I think this sentence does its job: "Her fingers began to twitch before she had even reached the keyboard." On the other hand, I wouldn't write "His shoulder lifted." That sounds just plain weird, as you point out! For sure: "He lifted a shoulder," since it's the character's emotion/agency expressed by the gesture. I still struggle with hearts and pulses doing things like pounding and racing ... wonder what you think of that?

    • Lisa Wilson says:

      I think there always has to be room for metaphor and simile (poetic language) even (or maybe especially) in deep POV. But it needs to be a reflection of the character. An articulate character, one who has an imagination, prior experience — these characters will often express that aspect of their personality through their thoughts and how things feel. It may feel as though their heart is pounding or racing...
      A character with a medical degree may describe that sensation differently.

  3. lrtrovi says:

    This is a weakness in my writing. Eyes and lips and hands especially. I love that you talk about the character's agency and that will help me a lot to avoid this trap.

  4. Barb DeLong says:

    I have work to do. That is all.

  5. jamesr403 says:

    Thanks, Lisa, you nailed it. I remember an essay by Ursula K. LeGuin, maybe in her collection The Wind's Twelve Quarters, where she makes the point that you won't be there to explain to the reader. The story has to do it all.
    Thanks!

    • Lisa Wilson says:

      Yeah, I’ve always tried to keep that in mind when I’m writing. That perspective often is the filter which I apply many of questions I send to beta readers.

  6. KathleenBaldwin says:

    Great reminders! So easy to slip up in this area and take the easy way out. Loved your examples. Thank you, Lisa!

    • Lisa Wilson says:

      It is definitely more work to dig deeper for the emotions than rely on common phrases that skim and summarize emotions. Deep pov needs particularity and specificity to really shine.

  7. dholcomb1 says:

    fantastic post.

    denise

  8. Victoria Marie Lees says:

    Great post, Lisa, and great points to consider. Happy Memorial Day!

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